Wet processing flow chart for cotton.

wet processing flow chart for Cotton
wet processing flow chart for Cotton

wet processing flow chart for Cotton

The main aim of wet processing is take a gray cloth and make them finished fabric as it can make garments by take them into too many wet processing technique. Wet processing process makes a fabric more useable, more fineness, and more attractive to the consumer. Wet processing is a two single word but means one think but if it describes, and then it will be a vast process. Wet process is a process which starts with a process and gets the end by step by step process. One uncompleted process can ruin the next process so each process is equally important.

Wet processing is so much important specially for natural fiber! cotton is one of them. wet processing is a step to take for make a fiber appropriate to make it yearn. cotton fiber’s has impurities and its contain the unusable material into the yearn so that its resist to use those fiber. sometime wet processing makes the cotton more smooth and usable. maximum count of yearn also depend on good quality wet processing. Cotton is on of them who is listed in the high valuable natural fiber so extra take care of cotton is important. Let’s have a look on the flow chart of cotton.

Wet processing flow chart for cotton are given blew:

Inspection of gray cloth



Shearing Or cropping










Long cloth white finishing






Bathing in roller



Folding Or rolling



I mention the follow chart on this article best of my knowledge by searching on the web. if i missed something to mention on this article please let me know by leave a comment on the comment box are given blew the article.

Garments manufacturing flow chart


Garments are final result, that’s why the all textile industry working hard day by day. A garment is a word which is directly used in apparel and clothing technology and this technology can depend on woven fabric as well as knit and hosiery. To make a perfect product a few rule and regulation is required to follow so that a flow chart is important to make a garment. Let’s have a look on flow chart.

Garments manufacturing is a long process which is start from garments design or sketch and get the end by delivery the garments from the finishing line on garments industry to buyer. There are two way to done the job one is manual methods and another one is computer method. computer method is more valuable and effective than the manual method. Computer method is easy and first way. The automatic machine also work through computer system.


Garments manufacturing flow chart

Side operation



Design or sketch

Manual or computer

Block pattern

Pattern design

Manual or computer

Sample making

Value fixing

Production pattern


Manual or computer

Marker making or lay planning

Fabric inspection

Fabric grading

Automatic iron press

Fusing roller press


Sewing or assembling

General sewing machine


Final pressing or finishing

Steam iron, steam press

Final inspection




Disperse to buyer or retailer


Garments manufacturing is a continues process where so many step required to take and pass the fabric into different type of process. Those process is important for garments look more gorgeous and maximum capability to fell comfort. Today most of the buyer need the maximum quality full cloth by spending minimum amount of money. So the calculation is so much important to make a garment and keep the business in the field of competition. To know more about textile technology please keep visiting this site frequently.



Classification and properties of pigments.

Classification of pigments Banner
Classification of pigments

Classification of pigments

Classification and properties of pigments

Mainly pigments are two kinds.

Natural pigment

  Organic pigment

Vegetable Organic

Animal Organic

Inorganic pigment



Synthetic pigment

           Organic pigment



Precipitate Azo


    Inorganic pigment

Non Azo

Precipitate Basic Dye

Precipitate Acid Dye

Pthalocyanic Pigment

Qnino noid Dyes


Quino cridine



Properties of pigments

  1. Pigments are not soluble in water
  2. Pigments are also not soluble in acid and
  3. Pigments don’t have addiction with fiber so these pigments are attached with fiber or cloth by binder.
  4. Wet fastness and light fastness are good but rubbing fastness is not good for heavy shade.
  5. Pigments can gives us the bright and ideal shade from any color.
  6. Pigment can reduce the toxicity problem.
  7. Frequent Laundry can reduce light and rubbing fastness.
  8. The application of pigments is easy and this pigments price is less than others.
  9. Pigment doesn’t make a bond with fiber or fabric.
  10. Pigment is not able to gives is the exact color.
  11. Pigment doesn’t recommended expensive machine to do this process.
  12. After printing or dyeing, drying or curing is important to fix the color on the fabric and fiber.
  13. Pigment is appropriate for every kind of fiber or fabrics.


Classification & description with trade name of Mordant dyes

Classification & description with trade name of Mordant dyes and methods of mordant dyeing.


Classification & description with trade name of Mordant dyes and methods of mordant dyeing.

Classification & description with trade name of Mordant dyes and methods of mordant dyeing.

Mordant is a word which is related with hydrophobic fiber dyeing is come from a Latin word mrdaeo means some material which is Strongly cling with something’s. Mordant is essential equipments which are used to make mordant dying to attach with fiber so hardly. An organic compound named tannic acid can be listed with mordant. Now a day the material is used so much with mordant dyeing is called chromium. So that mordant dyes also called chrome dye. This type of dyes is specially good for synthetic fiber.


Mordant dyes react with metal oxide and make insoluble pigment. The ancient time so many dyes source are come from vegetable like madder, log wood, fustic etc. the other hand so many dyes come from some moth like cochineal, kerness, lakha etc.


Mordant Color
Aluminum Oxide Red
Tin Oxide Pink
Iron Oxide Brown
Chromium Oxide Puce Brown
Copper Oxide Yellowish Brown


Classify of the mordant dye

Nirto dyes

Xanthane dyes

Thiozine dyes

Triphenyl methane dyes

Anthroquinine dyes

Monoazo dyes

Diazo dyes

Oxazine dyes


A few dyes also include in mordant dyes

Dioxine L

Chromor hodine B (DH)

Oxyllin (BASF)

Solochrome brill, violet BR (ICI)

Eriochrome brill violet B.

Naphtho chrome azurine B

Alizarine orange A (ICI)

Alizarine red 3B



Generally three method of mordant dye are used.

Chrome mordant process

After chrome process

Metachrome process


Manufacture Company, Trade name and producer country of mordant dye.


Manufacture company Country Trade Name
Acna Italy Dia Cromo
B.A.S.F Germany Basolan Chrome
Bayer Germany Alizarin, Diamond Chrome, Gallo Chrome, Chromo Xane.
Ciba-Giegy Switzerland Synchromate, Chrome,   Naphtha Chrome
Durand & Huguenin (Sandoz) Switzerland Novochrome, Perchrome
Fan color France Chrome
I.C.I Britain Solochrome, Solochromate
L.B. Holiday company Britain Mono Chrome
Sandoz Switzerland Alizarine, Omega Chrome.



Properties and List the trade name of disperse dye

Properties of disperse dye and List of the trade name of disperse dye
Properties of disperse dye and List of the trade name of disperse dye

Properties of disperse dye and List of the trade name of disperse dye

Properties and List the trade name of disperse dye

Let’s go check it out.

Properties of disperse dye

  • Disperse dye are a little soluble in water and its makes fine dispersion in water. Disperse dyes are fully soluble in organic compound like tuluin and benign.
  • Light fastness of disperse dyes are from fair to good ratted. The ratting of disperse dyes are from 4 to five.
  • Because of hydrophobic character this dyes are not so good at washing fastness. The ratting of washing fastness is from medium to good.
  • This dye is good for hydrophobic fiber like polyester, nylon, acrylic Etc.
  • Disperse dye has not attraction to cellulose and regenerated fiber.
  • Disperse dye able to gives us the medium and bright shade.
  • Rubbing fastness is good for disperse dye
  • Disperse dye is used by neutral or a little aside solution.


List of the trade name of disperse dye


Trade Name Of Disperse Dye Production Company Producer Country
Despersol darenol ICI UK
SRA British Celanese Ltd. UK
Serilim, seri sole Yorkshire dye ware & chemicals co. UK
Celliton, palani BASF Germany
Resoline Bayer Germany
Samaron Hoechst Germany
Novalon, Citacet trasil, setacyl. Coba- Geigy Switzerland
Artinil, foron blue, foron brilliant yellow, forosyn HS. Sandoz Switzerland
Setile, Tersttle. ACNA Italy
Acitamine Duepont USA
Eastman estone Eastman Kodak USA
mikelton Metsui chemical co. Japan
nylo-quinone Francolour France
vonteryl Vondalin gen pleat Holland
Chemi lene. Chemiequip Pvt Ltd. India


Definitions of Different types of fabric’s lay & packages.

Let’s have a discuss about Definitions of Different types of fabric’s lay & packages.

Tow type of lay according to primary method.


Different types of fabrics lay & package .

Different types of fabrics lay & package .

  • According to structure of fabric

            Straight lay

This type of lay are spread the spreading measurement by the full length of marker


           Stepped lay

These types of fabrics are spread without follow full length of marker. As a result these types of fabrics lay are spread of step by step. Because of being step by step using of that marker is different type of marker. Too many fabrics are west to make garment by using this technique and it’s a little critical to use, so day by day it’s loosing its popularity.


  • According to fabric spreading way

            Spreading lay from right to left

This technique is suitable for high length and open fabric. Every time of after spreading this technique are required to cut the fabric and start spreading from where it was cute. This is the reason every time these spreading machines start spreading from starting place.


            Spreading lay from left to right.

The working technique of spreading lay from left to right is as same as right from left. Different is this technique are required to turn over the fabric lay after complete the spreading.


            Zigzag lay

This methods are start the spreading from a starting point and go to the end point of spreading and its come back to the starting point without cut the fabric. Today this kind of techniques is so much popular spreading technique around the world but is methods can make the problem for asymmetric fabric.




  • According to the package of fabric.


             Open fabric roll

Open fabric roll is most popular fabric packaging method from all of fabric packaging methods. Without any fold this technique can methods can package more than 100 miters cloth which width can be 75 cm to 3 miters. To hand spreading and machine spreading is able to spread this roll.


             Tubular fabric roll

Most of the knitted fabric are packaging by folded fabric roll. Basically the tubular knit fabric roll is making by the width measurement of t-shirt or sports cloth. Spreading machine is need to spreading this fabric.


             Folded fabric roll

The middle point the fabrics are fold and packaging by a board which is perfect to retail business. These types of fabric package are not useable in garments because machine spreading is not possible to do. So this method is limited usage in present.


           Folder fabric scuttled

This technique is suitable for check and knitted fabric. To make this fabric takes a little more carefulness to make sure this fabric without any invalid fold but this package are make by the kink of the edge of fabric. Spreading of this fabric is so much hard so machine spreading is so much important for this method.


          Hanging fabric package.

Most valuable and expensive fabric is package by hanging fabric package like velvet fabric. This method makes sure the fabric is hanging in a frame to keep it without any crease. This packages fabric is spreading by labor. It’s not able to spread by machine



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