Different component of general sewing machine

Different component of general sewing machine:
Sewing machine acting the biggest role in garments industry. Most of the garments product’s different piece of fabric is attached by sewing. So as a textile student we should know about sewing machine and there parts. General sewing machine basically doesn’t use in garments industry. as per low production by his machine. But conventional general sewing machine mostly observed in domestic use.

Let’s know more. About the general sewing machine.

Different component of Front side

1. Pressure bar & pressure screw.
2. Tension thumb nut
3. Tension thread guard
4. Take up spring
5. Curve on the cover
6. Small hole guard
7. Needle camp
8. Pressure foot lifter
9. Pressure foot

Different component of Back side

1. Regulating screw
2. Balance wheel
3. Feed dog
4. Stop motion screw

Some Exceptional elements are including in the modern sewing machine.

1. Guide
2. Compensating foot
3. Specialized pressure foot
4. Stitching jig
5. Back guide
6. Folder
7. Spool pin
8. Bobbin
9. Bobbin case
10. Bobbin winder spindle
11. Bobbin winder latch
12. Crank shaft bearing
13. Connection rod and crank
14. Feed fork and cam
15. Feed fork slider
16. Grove of cam
17. Take up liver pivot
18. Needle bar link
19. Feed lifter fork bearing
20. Feed rock shaft bearing
21. Shuttle race
22. Feed lifter fork and bearing
23. Feed lifter fork and cam
24. Shuttle drive shaft bearing
25. Eccentric cam and bearing
26. Eccentric fork
27. Connecting rod hinge
28. Connecting bearing
29. Feed fork hinge

Some Exceptional elements also we see in modern sewing machine

30. Lighting
31. Stitch pattern selector
32. Stitch width selector
33. Stitch chart
34. Needle position selector
35. Button hole balance nob
36. Speed regulator

Also include

  • Binder
  • Foot hammer
  • Under braider
  • Ruffler
  • Fuffler with shearing plate
  • Tuck marker
  • Cording gripper foot
  • Seam guide
  • Button hole
  • Decorator
  • Gathering foot
  • Edge snitcher

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Definition and list of Sewing machine

Description of Flax Fiber

flax-Fiber-Field
flax fiber cultivation field

flax fiber cultivation field

 

Flax is a bast fiber which is cultivated in cold and humid condition. Flax fiber is obtained from the stalk of the flax plant. Flax fiber is botanically known as “Linum usitatissimum”. It is also known as linen fiber. Linen fiber is relatively smooth, straight and lustrous, linen fiber is more brittle and less flexible than cotton. It is more difficult to prepare and spin into yarn. Linen yearn can be very strong and lustrous. It is used from appeared home furnishing.

Flax fiber production country’s are:

  • North Ireland
  • Egypt
  • Japan
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • U.S.A
  • France
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • New Zealand
  • Switzerland
  • Scotland
  • England
  • Russia
  • Italy
  • Belgium

Flax Cultivation:
The flax plant from which the fiber is extracted grows in moist and cold condition. The plant grows up to 170 cm in height and 1.5cm dia. The fibers grow around the stem of the tree. The stem consists several layers of these fiber connected together and can not be easily separated. When the tree becomes matured by changing its color from green from yellow, it is sheared for the extraction of the fiber. After shearing the plant are allowed to lie in open field for a week or so when all the leaves and branches comes out of the tree. After this the plants are bundle up and carried over to a place where they are hackled.

[The amount of flax production is ¼ of jute fiber]

Flow chart for Flax fiber production:

Land preparation

Seed Sown

Plant grow

Thinning and weeding

Harvesting

Retting

Breaking

Scotching

ackling

Fiber

 Flax cultivation is a little difficult because this fiber grow in cold weather country. without cold weather this fiber is not able to cultivation. Because of the cultivation condition this fiber is expensive then other natural fiber.

Read more about Description of flax Fiber & Properties of flax fiber

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