Description of Flax Fiber

flax fiber cultivation field

flax fiber cultivation field


Flax is a bast fiber which is cultivated in cold and humid condition. Flax fiber is obtained from the stalk of the flax plant. Flax fiber is botanically known as “Linum usitatissimum”. It is also known as linen fiber. Linen fiber is relatively smooth, straight and lustrous, linen fiber is more brittle and less flexible than cotton. It is more difficult to prepare and spin into yarn. Linen yearn can be very strong and lustrous. It is used from appeared home furnishing.

Flax fiber production country’s are:

  • North Ireland
  • Egypt
  • Japan
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • U.S.A
  • France
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • New Zealand
  • Switzerland
  • Scotland
  • England
  • Russia
  • Italy
  • Belgium

Flax Cultivation:
The flax plant from which the fiber is extracted grows in moist and cold condition. The plant grows up to 170 cm in height and 1.5cm dia. The fibers grow around the stem of the tree. The stem consists several layers of these fiber connected together and can not be easily separated. When the tree becomes matured by changing its color from green from yellow, it is sheared for the extraction of the fiber. After shearing the plant are allowed to lie in open field for a week or so when all the leaves and branches comes out of the tree. After this the plants are bundle up and carried over to a place where they are hackled.

[The amount of flax production is ¼ of jute fiber]

Flow chart for Flax fiber production:

Land preparation

Seed Sown

Plant grow

Thinning and weeding







 Flax cultivation is a little difficult because this fiber grow in cold weather country. without cold weather this fiber is not able to cultivation. Because of the cultivation condition this fiber is expensive then other natural fiber.

Read more about Description of flax Fiber & Properties of flax fiber

Engr. Md. Mustak Ahmed


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