Definitions of Different types of fabric’s lay & packages.

Let’s have a discuss about Definitions of Different types of fabric’s lay & packages.

Tow type of lay according to primary method.


Different types of fabrics lay & package .

Different types of fabrics lay & package .

  • According to structure of fabric

            Straight lay

This type of lay are spread the spreading measurement by the full length of marker


           Stepped lay

These types of fabrics are spread without follow full length of marker. As a result these types of fabrics lay are spread of step by step. Because of being step by step using of that marker is different type of marker. Too many fabrics are west to make garment by using this technique and it’s a little critical to use, so day by day it’s loosing its popularity.


  • According to fabric spreading way

            Spreading lay from right to left

This technique is suitable for high length and open fabric. Every time of after spreading this technique are required to cut the fabric and start spreading from where it was cute. This is the reason every time these spreading machines start spreading from starting place.


            Spreading lay from left to right.

The working technique of spreading lay from left to right is as same as right from left. Different is this technique are required to turn over the fabric lay after complete the spreading.


            Zigzag lay

This methods are start the spreading from a starting point and go to the end point of spreading and its come back to the starting point without cut the fabric. Today this kind of techniques is so much popular spreading technique around the world but is methods can make the problem for asymmetric fabric.




  • According to the package of fabric.


             Open fabric roll

Open fabric roll is most popular fabric packaging method from all of fabric packaging methods. Without any fold this technique can methods can package more than 100 miters cloth which width can be 75 cm to 3 miters. To hand spreading and machine spreading is able to spread this roll.


             Tubular fabric roll

Most of the knitted fabric are packaging by folded fabric roll. Basically the tubular knit fabric roll is making by the width measurement of t-shirt or sports cloth. Spreading machine is need to spreading this fabric.


             Folded fabric roll

The middle point the fabrics are fold and packaging by a board which is perfect to retail business. These types of fabric package are not useable in garments because machine spreading is not possible to do. So this method is limited usage in present.


           Folder fabric scuttled

This technique is suitable for check and knitted fabric. To make this fabric takes a little more carefulness to make sure this fabric without any invalid fold but this package are make by the kink of the edge of fabric. Spreading of this fabric is so much hard so machine spreading is so much important for this method.


          Hanging fabric package.

Most valuable and expensive fabric is package by hanging fabric package like velvet fabric. This method makes sure the fabric is hanging in a frame to keep it without any crease. This packages fabric is spreading by labor. It’s not able to spread by machine



Discussions of the methods of fabric spreading

Discussions of the methods of fabric spreading’s
Discussions of the methods of fabric spreading

Discussions of the methods of fabric spreading


Fabric spreading is so much important part of a garments industry to cut the fabric and sewing properly and proper shape. After spread the fabric, it’s ready to cut and make them desire look. Without spreading fabric not possible cut so many pieces of cloth at a time which way is important in garments industry.


Basically most of the fabric are import in garments industry in a few different package and roll shape. Those fabric roll and package are unpacking by spreading on the cutting table like lay and make it ply one by one.


Two types of methods to makes lay by spreading fabrics.


  • Manual methods
    • Fully Hand spreading this method is working by two people who are working from two different side of spreading table by hand or spreading fabric on the table by crossing a rod in to the tube in the center of roll of fabric. This spreading process a little slow and not so much finished and quality full.
    • Hand spreading with hook.This method also a part of manual process called hand process with hook because this process is a little different from hand process with a little extra material called hook. Which is made from iron and this tool looks like an English alphabet “J”. This method has a little advantage than hand process.
    • Hand spreading with spreading track
      Spreading track is a special tool for hand process. Tracks carry the roll of fabric and spread on the spreading table by changing this position from front to the end of the spreading table. This method is working by two people who are working from two different side of spreading table by handling the track tools and spread the fabric on the table. The basic three condition of making a lay of fabric are not include in following manual methods.
  • Mechanical methods
    • Semi Automatic spreading
      Semi automatic machine is working almost similar to Hand process with spreading track process because this methods working technique and working prouder are same but this process are working by electric motor. A roll of fabric are installed in the machine like Hand process with spreading track and this roll are spreading on spreading table automatically. The spreading machine are running on the spreading table by from one side too another side by electrical and mechanical power.The advantage of semi automatic machine

      • The machine has the ability automatically count the ply of fabric.
      • After cut the fabric the machine has the ability to catch the edge of fabric.
      • This machine has a special tool called inspection light which is check ant kind of fault in fabric.
      • To salvage alignment this machine has a photoelectric guide.
      • The machine has the ability automatically cut the ply of fabric.
      • The opening up of fabric from roll is positive & there is a regulator to adjustment the spreading and opening up fabric speed.
      • The facility to maintain the tension of fabric is including in this machine.
      • To make the surface plain has a toll are called leveling blade.
      • A platform is installed with the head of the machine for operator to seat and operate the machine.
      • This machine can spread three miter of fabric and this machine can carry from 80 KGs to 675 KGs.
      • This machine can spread 100 miter fabrics per minute.
      • 25 CM lay can be makes by this machine.
    • Fully Automatic spreading
      Fully automatic machine is upgrade version of Semi Automatic. This machine has the all of quality which is included in Semi Automatic. Full automatic machine has some special feature are makes it more special. Fully automatic machine is maintained by robot and micro processors.The additional advantage of fully automatic machine are given blew.

      • This machine can be directed or fixes how many ply have to spread before start spreading.
      • This machine is working by robotic technique so if the fabric roll gone empty then this machine get another new roll automatically without any human power and start again spread where it was ended.
      • There is a sensor in front of head. This sensor marks the fault area of any fabric and automatically cut the fabric width and stat again spreading.
      • Every type of fabric is able to spread and its can makes every type of lay.
      • This is automatic spreading machine so its can work so many faster then others spreading methods.


What is carding and classification of carding machine?

This article is about What is carding and classification of carding machine? Trash and impurities full fiber is not able to proper spinning to build the basic construction of yearn. So it’s should be remove by different process, which is include in blow-room one process after another process. Removing Trash is process is started from first line of blow room and the second step of Trash removing process are called carding process. Carding process is one of them, which are played the vital role to remove maximum of trash from fiber. To make yearn it’s important to make a sliver after removing trash.

The basic fundamental of carding machine is removing trash and make long sliver to build the basic construction of spinning yearn.



Objects of carding machine

  • Take the lap from blow room and make it small unit and make them align.
  • After blow room process, make sure the fiber is full free of dust, short fiber, break seed and unnecessary things.
  • Extra and unnecessary short and hairy fiber completely removed from sliver.
  • Made by the Immature fiber is called napes are make free by carding process.
  • Fiber could be blending and mixing if necessary by this process.
  • Make the fiber prepared for next process by make them equal and same distance among every fiber.



Different types of carding machine:

  • Roller and clearer card
  • Stationary flat card
  • Revolving flat card




In the era of modern science the carding machine also discovered new and easy to use by depend on setting and setup the cylinder and take in. Out modern carding machine gives us extra care about the fiber and make them more smooth and useable. The another different design and style carding machines are

  • Dual carding machine
  • Mono or single carding machine
  • Tandom carding machine
  • Schubert & sulzer super carding machine



Fabric Cutting! Methods of fabric cutting!

Manual operated Straight knife

Fabric Cutting!

Fabric cutting is important in textile or garments industry. A garment will be ready to wear when it will be completed by sewing many part of fabric which are cutter in a cutting table in the lay or spread of fabric.

fabric cutting is important part of garments manufacturing process. quality full fabric cutting reduce the wastage of fabric and make the business profitable. Today’s business market “good quality product is the main fact, price is low and quality is high is the first requirement of all of buyer around the world”. so a good quality cutting operator is required to cut the fabric.


Purpose of fabric cutting:

  • Fabric must be cut by specific some size to be it useable to make garments.
  • Thousand of piece of garment’s fabric should be cut one time on cutting table at a time.
  • It is possible to cut thousand of garment’s fabric same design which is provided from buyers or any company.
  • Too many lay/spread of fabric’s can be cut different size bye the tender of buyer.
  • Possible to cut fabric and make garments for different country and cultures.
  • Make this fabric suitable to use to next level, I point to the sewing section.


Requirements of fabric cutting:

  • Precession of cut
  • Clean of edge
  • Consistent cutting
  • Support of the lay
  • Infused edge


Methods of fabric cutting:

there are few to cut the fabric. the methods are chose by the operator by here own preferences. The methods are fabric cutting are given blew.

Manual operated Straight knife

Manual operated Straight knife

  • Manual Methods
    • Hand operated scissors
    • Round knife
    • Straight knife
    • Drill
    • Die Cutting
    • Band knife
    • Notcher






  • Computerized Methods
    • Knife cutting
    • Plasma torch cutting
    • Laser beam cutting
    • Cutting by water jet

on this article i just wanted to try show various methods of fabric cutting. Fabric cutting is important in garment of clothing technology. Without a good cutting muster or orator there is not other way to make a better garments. fabric cutting is the primary step to take for making the garments product after sewing in sewing section. garments industry and tailoring fabric cutting is different way but the basic logic is same in both of them. Please research more to know about fabric cutting.

Classification of enzyme according to source

Classification of enzyme types according to source : Enzyme is a essential material which is used in wet processing to make a fabric more comfortable and more stronger then ever. Basically enzyme comes from two source bother are from natural but one is vegetable enzyme and another one is from animal enzyme. The working character of the enzyme is different but almost same.


Every natural fiber are made from natural things, and its needs too many process for make the cloth smooth, shiny, soft and more stronger. Enzyme is one of them whose has the ability to make a fabric or cloth smooth, shiny, soft and stronger by wet processing. Basically the woven and knitting fabric made from gray cloth. every gray cloth should take a few step to make them usable in garments. buyer or customer always needs a finished fabric or garment. so that enzyme processing be the essential process which is describe.

  1. Vegetable Enzyme

  2. Animal Enzyme


Vegetable Enzyme Barley

Vegetable Enzyme Barley

Vegetable and Animal Enzyme are given blew

Vegetable source enzyme are called vegetable enzyme. vegetable enzyme are come from two way by molt extract and bacterial way. molt extract and bacterial source are given blew.

  • Molt Extract:

    • Diastafor
    • Diastes
    • Gabahit
    • Meltoforment
    • Maltosetase
  • Bacterial

    • Rapidase
    • Biolase
    • Arcy


Animal Enzyme

Animal Enzyme

I tried to mention all of enzyme best of my knowledge and my research over the web. if i missed to mention some point of that than please let me know by leave a comment on the comment box.

Importance of Scissors in garments making


Scissor is a small tool and its used in so many industry for increase the quality of there product. Garments is one of those industry are used the scissor directly. Today I’m going to share the little description about Importance of Scissors in garments making. The first scissor is mostly used in tailoring shop and the other one is called by another name “Cutter”. Tailoring shop needs directly the scissor to cut the fabric to make a cloth for the customer by the cutting muster. but in the garments factory its different way to use the scissor also called cutter. The cutter used to cut the hairy fiber on garments product which is not in the designed in garments product. Scissor used in a tailoring shop to cut the fabric and the cutting section. Finishing and quality full cloth makes the reputation of the garment and this great role to make clean cloth used this cutter.


Importance of Scissors in garments making

Above scissor is mostly used in tailoring shop to cut the fabric after sewing by a tailor. Tailoring system makes a perfect shape for a customer according to there fancy. Only a tailor can makes the perfect dress for somebody, That is why the tailor keep making dress for the world.

Finishing section never able to finish there cloth and delivery to byres without cutting the hear-fiber from the land of cloth with scissors in textile industry. Though there are too many types of scissors are used in the world but mostly used scissors are given blew.


Importance of Scissors in garments making

Importance of Scissors in garments making


Generally scissor is made by iron or steel. Scissors are used in textile industry to cut Fabric, yearn, interlining and paper etc to make shape to get desire garments product. Scissors are important equipment in textile so there are many size of scissors are used in textile industry. Scissor also use in many purpose and many industry, from a barber shop to higher office around the world.

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