Definition and list of Sewing machine

Sewing-machine-Definition-List-of-Sewing-machine
Definition and list of Sewing machine

Definition and list of Sewing machine

 

By which machine used to sewing two or more pieces of fabric called sewing machine. A sewing machine sewing not only fabric, but also others material like bags, lather, foot-wear, tent & many more, Etc. sewing machine also used to increase the fabrics fineness and good looking by some special effect. Different sewing machine are obey there different duty to makes a better garments as we want.

 

List the type of sewing machine are used in textile industry

 

  • Manual operated sewing machine

Manual operated sewing machine is working by human hand or legs power. The machine operator’s have to operate the machine by his own hand or legs power so that operator can’t work so firstly and smoothly. As a result the manual operated sewing machine’s production is less than electrically operated sewing machine. Today most of the manual sewing machine used in home or a trailer shop because it’s not so expensive and it’s easy to maintenance and use.

 

 

  • Electrically operated sewing machine:

This kind of sewing machine working by electrical power, so it’s work first and smoothly. Comparatively electrical operated machine work and production so good than others so it’s called industrial sewing machine. Industrial sewing machine could be much type but some common types of machine are here.

 

  • Lock stitch machine
  • Chain stitch machine
  • Over lock machine
  • Zigzag stitch machine
  • Flat lock machine
  • Blind stitch machine
  • Button holing machine
  • Button attaching machine
  • Bartech machine

 

Industrial machine could have one to four needles as required so that many industrial sewing machines presented company fill the importance. There are too many industrial sewing machine produce company around the world but most of this machine used in Bangladesh like Juki, Pegasus, Seruba, brother, Puf, Singer Etc. Every company make competition together there machines power, speed, efficiency, performances etc. the maximum used machine in Bangladesh is juki.

 

Some machine’s has programming so that it’s possible to make automatic sewing for any design or length what ever you want but this machine is expensive and so hard to maintenance. Though its makes better than others but usages in our country is so less.

Different component of general sewing machine

Different component of general sewing machine:
Sewing machine acting the biggest role in garments industry. Most of the garments product’s different piece of fabric is attached by sewing. So as a textile student we should know about sewing machine and there parts. General sewing machine basically doesn’t use in garments industry. as per low production by his machine. But conventional general sewing machine mostly observed in domestic use.

Let’s know more. About the general sewing machine.

Different component of Front side

1. Pressure bar & pressure screw.
2. Tension thumb nut
3. Tension thread guard
4. Take up spring
5. Curve on the cover
6. Small hole guard
7. Needle camp
8. Pressure foot lifter
9. Pressure foot

Different component of Back side

1. Regulating screw
2. Balance wheel
3. Feed dog
4. Stop motion screw

Some Exceptional elements are including in the modern sewing machine.

1. Guide
2. Compensating foot
3. Specialized pressure foot
4. Stitching jig
5. Back guide
6. Folder
7. Spool pin
8. Bobbin
9. Bobbin case
10. Bobbin winder spindle
11. Bobbin winder latch
12. Crank shaft bearing
13. Connection rod and crank
14. Feed fork and cam
15. Feed fork slider
16. Grove of cam
17. Take up liver pivot
18. Needle bar link
19. Feed lifter fork bearing
20. Feed rock shaft bearing
21. Shuttle race
22. Feed lifter fork and bearing
23. Feed lifter fork and cam
24. Shuttle drive shaft bearing
25. Eccentric cam and bearing
26. Eccentric fork
27. Connecting rod hinge
28. Connecting bearing
29. Feed fork hinge

Some Exceptional elements also we see in modern sewing machine

30. Lighting
31. Stitch pattern selector
32. Stitch width selector
33. Stitch chart
34. Needle position selector
35. Button hole balance nob
36. Speed regulator

Also include

  • Binder
  • Foot hammer
  • Under braider
  • Ruffler
  • Fuffler with shearing plate
  • Tuck marker
  • Cording gripper foot
  • Seam guide
  • Button hole
  • Decorator
  • Gathering foot
  • Edge snitcher

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Definition and list of Sewing machine

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