factor of fabric preparation

Description and factor of fabric preparation

Description and factor of fabric preparation

 

Description and factor of fabric preparation

Description and factor of fabric preparation

Fabric preparation

Before sewing an important step is fabric preparation which is start by grading, numbering, labeling, pattern matching, marking pocket, bundling, spreading and end by sending those fabric to the sewing section. Fabric is spread layer by layer on spreading table to make a suitable lay to cut too many pieces of fabric at a time. After make the lay a marker paper is set on fabric lay and make design which is need to do. According to design are draw on marker paper the fabric must be cut by fabric cutting knife or machine.

Factor of fabric preparation

  1. What kind of fabric package? Folded of rolled?
  2. Is there any shade variation on the selected fabrics?
  3. Specification of fabric thickness as required or not?
  4. Specification of fabric width as required or not?
  5. Fabric construction is match with design or not?
  6. The selvedge is same as the design or not?
  7. What is the recommended design and is the fabric design can makes those desire designs?
  8. Is the fiber is same on the fabric which is ordered by buyer or not?

Discuss the steps of fabric preparation before cutting.

Before sewing the fabric a few works to do like numbering, labeling, marking, bundling, are listed in fabric preparation. Let have a little discuss about those steps.

Numbering

Too many pieces of fabric need to makes a fabric which is important to count properly and numbering each bundle or role of fabric. Which mean it’s let us know the exact & required amount of fabric. The selection of fabric by order of administration is help to send them to the sewing section by numbering technique.

Labeling

After numbering every package or role of fabric, the next step is labeling because its help to identify the specification and quality of fabric.

Marking

Third step of fabric preparation is marking. Different tape is required to marking on fabric which is identified the different types of fabric. Marking helps to protect of mixing various color and type of fabric.

 

Bundling

After follow the each part of fabric preparation bundling is final step of them. The fabric must be send to the cutting table after bundling. Follow the user advantage the bundle can fold or role shape.

Methods of fabric preparations

  1. Grading
  2. Pattern matching
  3. Spreading

            Manual spreading

            Spreading carriage

            Automatic spreading machine

Textile Engineering University in USA

Textile Engineering University In USA

America is one of them who are listed with top ranking country entire world. Textile is a part and parcel technology in human kind. Garments is second most essential ideal things so America also conceder to teach the textile study on there students so that they build textile engineering university all over the USA.

Textile Engineering University In USA

Textile Engineering University In USA

 

 

The Art Institute of California

San Francisco

Address: 1170 Market St, San Francisco, CA 94102, United States

Acceptance rate: 42% (2010)

Phone: (415) 865-0198

Founded: January 12, 1997

http://www.artinstitutes.edu

North Carolina State University

University in Raleigh, North Carolina

Address: Raleigh, NC 27695, United States

Acceptance rate: 46.9% (2013)

Enrollment: 34,009 (2013)

Founded: March 7, 1887

Colors: White, Red

Mascot: North Carolina State University Mr. and Ms. Wuf, North Carolina State University Tuffy

http://www.tx.ncsu.edu/

Ventura College

College in Ventura, California

Address: 4667 Telegraph Rd, Ventura, CA 93003, United States

Enrollment: 13,711 (2010)

Phone: (805) 654-6400

Founded: 1925

http://www.venturacollege.edu

West Valley College

College in Saratoga, California

Address: 14000 Fruitvale Ave, Saratoga, CA 95070, United States

Mascot: West Valley College Vikings

Phone: (408) 867-2200

Http://www.westvalley.edu

Woodbury University

University in Burbank, California

Address: 7500 N Glenoaks Blvd, Burbank, CA 91504, United States

Acceptance rate: 74% (2010)

Enrollment: 1,628 (2010)

Phone: (818) 767-0888

Founded: 1884

http://www.woodbury.edu

The Art Institute of Colorado

University in Denver, Colorado

Address: 1200 Lincoln St, Denver, CO 80203, United States

Acceptance rate: 51% (2010)

Phone: (303) 837-0825

Founded: 1952

http://www.cia.aii.edu/

Colorado State University

University in Fort Collins, Colorado

Address: Fort Collins, CO 80523, United States

Football stadium: Sonny Lubick Field at Hughes Stadium

Acceptance rate: 77.4% (2013)

Enrollment: 31,725 (2014)

Colors: Dark green, Gold

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University of Illinois at Chicago

Address: 1200 W Harrison St, Chicago, IL 60607, United States

Acceptance rate: 71.2% (2013)

Phone: (312) 996-7000

Mascot: University of Illinois at Chicago Sparky D. Dragon

Enrollment: 27,589 (2013)

http://www.uic.edu

Ball State University

University in Muncie, Indiana

Address: 2000 W University Ave, Muncie, IN 47306, United States

Acceptance rate: 61% (2013)

Enrollment: 20,503 (2013)

Football stadium: Scheumann Stadium

Mascot: Ball State University Charlie Cardinal

Colors: Cardinal, White

http://www.cms.bsu.edu/

Indiana State University

University in Terre Haute, Indiana

Address: 200 N 7th St, Terre Haute, IN 47809, United States

Mascot: Sycamore Sam

Acceptance rate: 85% (2010)

Enrollment: 11,494 (2010)

Founded: 1865

Colors: White, Blue, Royal blue

http://www.indstate.edu/

Indiana University

Purdue University Indianapolis

Address: 719 Indiana Ave #220, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States

Acceptance rate: 69% (2010)

Phone: (317) 274-2548

http://www.iupui.edu/

Des Moines Area Community College

College in Ankeny, Iowa

Address: 1100 7th St, Des Moines, IA 50314, United States

Phone: (515) 244-4226

Enrollment: 25,425 (2011)

Mascot: Des Moines Area Community College Bear

http://www.dmacc.cc.ia.us/

Iowa State University

University in Ames, Iowa

Address: Ames, IA 50011, United States

Mascot: Iowa State University Cy the Cardinal

Acceptance rate: 85.5% (2013)

Enrollment: 34,732 (2014)

Colors: Cardinal, Gold

http://www.iastate.edu/

Kansas State University

University in Manhattan, Kansas

Address: Manhattan, KS 66506, United States

Football stadium: Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium

Acceptance rate: 95.9% (2013)

Mascot: Kansas State University Willie the Wildcat

Color: Royal Purple

Enrollment: 24,766 (2014)

Founder: Isaac Goodnow

http://www.iastate.edu/

University of Kansas

University in Lawrence, Kansas

Acceptance rate: 88.4% (2013)

Enrollment: 27,983 (2014)

Football stadium: Memorial Stadium

Colors: Blue, Crimson

http://www.ku.edu/

Eastern Kentucky University

University in Richmond, Kentucky

Address: 521 Lancaster Ave, Richmond, KY 40475, United States

Mascot: The Colonel

Football stadium: Roy Kidd Stadium

Acceptance rate: 66% (2010)

http://www.eku.edu/

Murray State University

University in Murray, Kentucky

Address: 102 Curris Center, Murray, KY 42071, United States

Football stadium: Roy Stewart Stadium

Acceptance rate: 82% (2013)

Enrollment: 10,934 (2013)

Mascot: Murray State University Racer One, Murray State University Dunker

Colors: Navy Blue, Gold

http://www.mursuky.edu/

University of Kentucky

University in Lexington, Kentucky

Address: Lexington, KY 40506, United States

Acceptance rate: 67.3% (2012)

Mascot: University of Kentucky Wildcat

Enrollment: 28,928 (2012)

Colors: White, Blue

http://www.uky.edu/

Louisiana Tech University

University in Ruston, Louisiana

Address: 305 Wisteria St, Ruston, LA 71272, United States

Mascot: Louisiana Tech University Tech XX

Enrollment: 11,015 (2013)

Acceptance rate: 70.8% (2013)

Football stadium: Independence Stadium, Joe Aillet Stadium

Colors: Blue, Red

http://www.latech.edu/

University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Address: 104 E University Ave, Lafayette, LA 70504, United States

Nickname: Ragin’ Cajuns

Mascot: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Cayenne

Football stadium: Cajun Field

Enrollment: 16,646 (2013)

Colors: White, Vermilion

http://www.usl.edu/

Baltimore City Community College

College in Baltimore, Maryland

Address: 2901 Liberty Heights Ave, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States

Phone: (410) 462-8300

Enrollment: 7,160 (2010)

Founded: 1947

http://www.bccc.state.md.us/

University of Kentucky

University in Lexington, Kentucky

Address: Lexington, KY 40506, United States

Acceptance rate: 67.3% (2012)

Mascot: University of Kentucky Wildcat

Enrollment: 28,928 (2012)

Colors: White, Blue

http://www.uky.edu/

University of Louisiana at Lafayette

Address: 104 E University Ave, Lafayette, LA 70504, United States

Nickname: Ragin’ Cajuns

Mascot: University of Louisiana at Lafayette Cayenne

Football stadium: Cajun Field

Enrollment: 16,646 (2013)

Colors: White, Vermilion

http://www.usl.edu/

Baltimore City Community College

College in Baltimore, Maryland

Address: 2901 Liberty Heights Ave, Baltimore, MD 21215, United States

Phone: (410) 462-8300

Enrollment: 7,160 (2010)

Founded: 1947

http://www.bccc.state.md.us/

Bay State College

College in Boston, Massachusetts

Address: 122 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02116, United States

Acceptance rate: 59% (2013)

Phone: (617) 217-9000

http://www.baystate.edu/

Berkshire Community College

College in Pittsfield, Massachusetts

Address: 1350 West St, Pittsfield, MA 01201, United States

Phone: (413) 499-4660

Enrollment: 2,730 (2010)

Founded: 1960

http://www.cc.berkshire.org/

Bridgewater State University

College in Bridgewater, Massachusetts

Address: 131 Summer St, Bridgewater, MA 02324, United States

Acceptance rate: 70% (2010)

Enrollment: 11,294 (2011)

Mascot: Bridgewater Bear

http://www.bridgew.edu/

Endicott College

College in Beverly, Massachusetts

Address: 376 Hale St, Beverly, MA 01915, United States

Acceptance rate: 59% (2010)

Enrollment: 4,125 (2010)

http://www.endicott.edu/

Lasell College

College in Massachusetts

Address: 1844 Commonwealth Avenue, Auburndale, MA 02466, United States

Acceptance rate: 74% (2010)

Mascot: Boomer

Phone: (617) 243-2000

Founded: 1851

Colors: White, Blue

http://www.lasell.edu/

Massachusetts College of Art and Design

College in Boston, Massachusetts

Address: 621 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, United States

Acceptance rate: 63% (2010)

Phone: (617) 879-7000

Founded: 1873

http://www.massart.edu/

 More information about university all over the world please follow this link!

Retting of flax fiber

Retting of flax fiber

The flax fibers are held together in the stems by woody matters and cellular tissue and Retting is a fermentation process that frees the fibers from these materials. Retting may be carried out in one of several ways.

Retting of flax fiber

Retting of flax fiber

1. Dam Retting :
The flax plants after pulling are tied up in sheaves or beats and immersed for about ten days in water in special am or ponds dug in the ground. This method is commonly used in Ireland.

2. Dew Retting :
The crop is spread in the ground after pulling and left for several weeks wetting by dew and rain encourages fermenting by moulds to take place. Dew Retting tends to yield dark colored fibers. It may be used in regions where water is in short supply. It is commonly practiced in Russia and France.

3. Tank Retting :
After harvesting, the seed bolls are stripped from the steam by reciprocating metal cobs. The de-seeded flax tied in bundle in packed in to concrete tank which are filled with water artificially heated to about 30°C Retting is completed in about three days some of the best and uniform fiber is produced by this process.

4. Chemical Retting :
Retting can also be carried out by treating the flax straw with chemical solution such reagents are caustic soda (NaOH), Sodium carbonate (Na2Co3), Soaps and dilute mineral acids. Its more costly process than biologic Retting and the fiber produced is not better.

Flax fiber Breaking and Scutching:
After Retting the next stage is breaking. The straw (flax) is passed between flutted roller in a breaking machine, so that the woody core broken in to fragments without damaging the fiber running through the stem the broken straw is then subjected to the proc known as “Scutching” which separates the un want woody material from the fiber. This is done beating the straw with blunt wooden or metal blades, either by hand or by machine. The woody matter is removed as shiver which is usually burnt as fuel, leaving the flax in the form of long strands formed of bundles of individual fibers adhering to one another.

Hackling:

After Scutching the fibers are usual combed or hackled by drawing them through sets of pin, each successive set being finer than the previous one. After hackling we get finer as well as coarse fibers, the long fibers are known as line (More than 10 Inch) and the shorter fiber are called tow (Less than 10 inch) Read more about Properties of Flax fiber

Properties of Flax fibers

Properties of Flax fibers

Properties of Flax fibers: flax is a natural fiber and this fiber is used to make most of the expensive cloth which is most comfort to wear. Flax also so much popular for the comfortableness and softness. lets have a discussion about properties of flax fiber. please follow the link to read more about flax fiber. Read more

Properties of Flax fibers

Properties of Flax fibers

Physical properties:
1. Length: The average length of fiber various from 90-125 cm. length of individual fiber cells are 6-65 mm (¼ inch – 2 ½ inch) and mean diameter of about 0.02mm (1/1200 inch).
2. Color: Brownish, light, ivory, grey.
3. Tensile/Strength: it is stronger than cotton fiber. Tenacity varies from 6.5 to 8 gm/denier
4. Elongation: The elongation at break is approximately 1.8% (dry) & 2.2 (Wet).
5. Bending properties: it has a high degree of rigidity and resists bending.
6. Specific gravity: 1.54
7. Effect of moisture: M.R%=12% (std)
8. Effect of heat: Highly resistant to decomposition up to about 120° C the fibers begin to discolor. Sp. Heat is 0.322. It is good conductor of heat. So linen sheet are so cold in summer season.
9. Resiliency: Low
10. Abrasion resistance: Moderate
11. Dimensional stability: Good but easily tend to crease.

Chemical properties:
1. Bleaching action: Flax (Linen) is made difficult to bleach than cotton for its huge amount of impurities, like pectin and gum.
2. Effect Acids: Flax will withstand in weak acids but is attacked by hot dilute acids or cold concentrated acids.
3. Effect of alkali: Flax has good resistance o alkaline solution for large amount of gum and waxes.
4. Effect of organic solvents: Resistant of common solvents (Acetone, ether, methyl, alcohol, Chloroform Etc.)
5. Effect of insects: Flax is not attacked by moth, grut or other insects.
6. Effect of micro-orgasms: flax has height resistance to rotting under severe. Conditions of warmth, damp and contamination how ever mildews may attack the cellulose of flax but resistance is generally high particularly if the yarn on fabric is dry.
7. Dye ability: not good affinity to dyes. Direct and vat dyes are suitable for flax fiber.

Chemical composition of flax

                                                Raw Flax%       Ratted Flax%

Cellulose                                        56.5                  64.1
Hemi-cellulose                               15.4                  16.7
Pectin                                             3.8                    1.8
Lignin                                            2.5                   2.0
Fat & wax                                       1.3                     1.5
Water soluble                                10.5                  3.9
Moisture regain (Water)                 10.0                 10.0

———————————————————————
Total = 100%    Total = 100%

Use of flax fiber

Flax products have been used as sail and tent canvas, fishing lines, fishing nets, book binder’s thread, and leather working threads, sewing thread, suture thread, carpet warp and union cloth cotton & flax blended at weaving stag. Flax are also used to produce clothing, household, industrial and furnishing fabric only the best portion of seed flax can be use for wool-pile rugs backing, twine and rope. The linen fiber are extensively used in fine table damasks, handkerchiefs and sheer linen fabrics, linen and Dacron blends make excellent wash and wear fabric for dresses and sports wear.
Another secretes are waste flax fibers are make in to high grade bank notes, writing papers cigarette papers. The linen makes from flax fiber is an excellent conductor of heat. Linen sheet are cold and linen garments are comfortable in hot weather.

Describe different types of button are used in garments.

Describe different types of button are used in garments.

Describe different types of button are used in garments.

Describe different types of button are used in garments.

Describe different types of button are used in garments.

 

Definition of Button:

Button is an essential material which is applied to make better garments. Button always used all most every type of cloth or garments what ever you say! Button ingress the fineness and it’s also play the essential part of garment. A button can be made from different type of material like wood, plastic, bone, pearl, nylon, acrylic metal and see shell.

Character of a button

  • A button should not reduce its color during using.
  • A button should not reduce its color and strength after washing hot or cold water
  • A button should not melt or crease by calendaring or ironing heat.
  • A button should be perfect in wash fastness as a result its never be able to make discolor the dress by its own color.
  • A button should not broke or itchy by a tiny thrust.
  • A button should be able to sticky with the dress.
  • A button should be rust free after using a long duration though it’s made from steel or iron metal.
  • A button should be comfortable and look gorgeous.
  • Carve of the button should be smooth so that it never harm the cloth or the body.
  • A button should be easy to use any where any time.

List of different types of buttons

  • Shirt buttons
  • Cardigan buttons
  • Coat buttons
  • Press buttons
  • Hooks and eyes
  • Hooks and fasteners
  • Shank buttons
  • Lather buttons
  • Cloth buttons
  • Metallic buttons
  • Wooden buttons
  • Printed buttons
  • Buckles
  • Glass studs
  • Vekro tape
  • Fancy buttons
  • Lac buttons
  • Kurta button
  • Safety pins
  • Broaches
  • Cufflinks
  • Zippers
  • Chinese frog
  • Pearl buttons
  • Wax buttons

The using technique and the system is almost same all over the world but the shape, design, size, weight is different in different country and nations. Though is different but is possible to use by any country or nay nation. Button is not only used in garments sector but also is used in so many industries.

Textile Engineering University in Pakistan

Textile engineering university in Pakistan

Textile Engineering University in Pakistan: Pakistan is a country where textile industry take the largest position on there economy. Basically it’s one of those countries who are produce largest amount of cotton each year. In that case there are too many cotton spinning and weaving mills produce cotton product. Pakistan achieved 3.10% of there all annual income from 1978 to 1983. Pakistan is increasing there popularity across the world day by day. America is principal buyer all of cotton product of Pakistan. Bangladesh is reveled of Pakistan in the business marketplace in America and Europe. In this situation textile engineering is so much important and popular in Pakistan. So that Pakistan can be sure to keep there position in the business market around the world. Please keep reading to know more about textile engineering university in Pakistan.

National Textile University

College in Faisalabad, Pakistan

Address: Faisalabad – Sheikhupura Rd, Manawala 37610, Pakistan

Phone: +92 41923008182

Founded: 1959

Colors: Blue, Maroon

http://www.ntu.edu.pk

Indus University

University in Karachi, Pakistan

Address: Karachi, Pakistan

Phone: +92 21 111 400 300

Hours: Open • 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

Founded: 2003

Colors: White, Maroon

http://www.indus.edu.pk

Mehran University of Engineering and Technology

University in Jamshoro, Pakistan

Address: Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Indus Hwy, Jamshoro 76062, Pakistan

Phone: +92 22 2772250

Hours: Open 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

Founded: March 1, 1977

Notable alumni: Atta ur Rehman Memon, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry, Ayaz Latif Palijo, Iqbal Tareen, Abdul Hakeem Palh

Colors: Steel blue, Baby blue

http://www.muet.edu.pk

Textile Institute of Pakistan

Address: Port Qasim Authority Eastern Zone, Karachi, Pakistan

Founded: 1994

http://www.tip.edu.pk

Balochistan University of Information Technology,

Engineering and Management Sciences

University in Quetta, Pakistan

Address: Quetta, Pakistan

Founded: 2002

http://www.buitms.edu.pk

Hajvery University

University in Lahore, Pakistan

Address: Gulberg III, Lahore 54400, Pakistan

Enrollment: 5,500 (2012)

Founded: 2002

Colors: Blue, Red

http://www.hup.edu.pk

National College of Arts

University

Address: Shahrah-e-Qauid-e-Azam, 4 Mall Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

Phone: +92 42 99210601

http://www.nca.edu.pk

Pakistan Knitwear Training Institute

University

Address: Ali Block, Lahore, Pakistan

Phone: +92 42 99232364

Hours: Open 8:00 am – 10:00 pm

http://www.pktilahore.edu.pk

University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore

University in Lahore, Pakistan

Address: G.T. Rd, Lahore 54890, Pakistan

Phone: +92 42 99029358

Enrollment: 8,865 (2010)

http://www.uet.edu.pk

Beaconhouse National University

University in Lahore, Pakistan

Address: Zafar Ali Rd, Lahore, Pakistan

Phone: +92 571826063

Founded: 2003

http://www.bnu.edu.pk

Pakistan Institute of Fashion and Design

Address: 51 J-3 Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan

Phone: +92 42 35315401

Founded: 1994, Lahore, Pakistan

http://www.pifd.edu.pk

University of Faisalabad

Higher educational institution in Faisalabad, Pakistan

Address: University Town, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Founded: 2002

Colors: Blue, Green, Gold

http://www.tuf.edu.pk

Balochistan University of Information Technology & Management Sciences

University

Address: Quetta, Pakistan

http://www.buitms.edu.pk

GIFT University

University in Gujranwala, Pakistan

Address: Sialkot Bypass, Gujranwala, Pakistan

Phone: +92 55 111 900 100

Founded: 2002

http://www.gift.edu.pk

Pakistan Institute of Fashion and Design

Address: 51 J-3 Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan

Phone: +92 42 35315401

Founded: 1994, Lahore, Pakistan

http://www.pifd.edu.pk

Indus University

University in Karachi, Pakistan

Address: Karachi, Pakistan

Phone: +92 21 111 400 300

Hours: Open • 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

Founded: 2003

Colors: White, Maroon

http://www.indus.edu.pk

Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences

University in Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan

Address: Nilore, Pakistan

Phone: +92 51 2207380

Founded: 1967

Colors: Dark green, White, Sky Blue

http://www.pieas.edu.pk

International Islamic University, Islamabad

University in Islamabad, Pakistan

Address: H-10, Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan

Phone: +92 51 9019100

Founded: 1980

Notable alumni: Javaid Iqbal, Humayon Dar, Mirwais Yasini

http://www.iiu.edu.pk

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology

Research institution in Islamabad, Pakistan

Address: Park Rd? Islamabad 45550, Pakistan

Hours: Open 8:30 am – 5:30 pm

Founded: 1998

https://www.comsats.edu.pk

Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences & Technology

Islamabad Campus

Address: Khayaban-e-Suhrwardy, Islamabad, Pakistan

http://www.fuuastisb.edu.pk

Institute of Space Technology

University in Islamabad, Pakistan

Address: Islamabad Highway, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

Hours:

Open today • 8:00 am – 4:00 pm

Phone: +92 51 9075100

Founded: 2002

http://www.ist.edu.pk

Air University

University in Islamabad, Pakistan

Address: Service Rd E-9 / E-8, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

Phone: +92 51 9262557

Enrollment: 2,103 (2010)

Color: Columbia blue

Founded: 2002

http://www.au.edu.pk

If I miss some university/ college/ Institute name than please inform us be leave a comment blew.

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