Technical specification of modern ring frame

Technical specification of modern ring frame

About Ring spinning frame:

Spinning is the final step of yearn manufacturing process. The working procedure of ring spinning frame is taking the roving comes from simplex and produced yarn by reducing the weight of unit length. Ring is attached around bobbin. The traveler rolling on ring and enfold the yarn on bobbin. Ring spinning frame plays the vital role to spinning the yarn so it is called Ring spinning frame. Ring spinning frame’s production system is conventional.

Technical specification of modern ring frame

Technical specification of modern ring frame

Ring frame is only one machine which can produce yarn by any kind of fiber. Basically the working system of ring spinning frame is easy and the cost of machine is a little cheap. It is easy to separate the bobbin from ring and easy to carry. but a few problem also reduce its popularity like, working speed, conventional system, large amount of electricity consumption.  please follow the link to know more about rotor spinning frame and ring spinning frame. Click here!

Technical specification of modern ring spinning frame:

No Description of parts Specification
01 Roller and angle 45˚
02 The distance between center of lappet hook and center of front roller. 66.50 mm
03 Gage 70.00 mm
04 Tube length (gage -70.00 mm) 201, 220, 230 mm
05 Mechanical speed 25,000 mm
06 Count From 5.5s to 120s
07 Twist/inch From 4 to 55
08 Draft system Double apron 3 roller to arm.
09 Number of spindle From 96 to 1008
10 Main motor Down 15KM, High 37KM (45KW with Inver )
11 Ring lowering motor 0.35KW
12 Suction motor 0.35KW
13 Pantograph drive 2.20 KW
14 Horizontal transport belt 2×0.12 KW (Geared motor)
15 Inclined transport belt 2×0.185 KW (Geared motor)
16 Tube feeding 2.5 Minutes
17 Doffing time 2.5 minutes
18 Bobbin discharge speed 60 (30+30) Minutes
19 Compressed air consumption 1.35 liter/minute

You May interested to read Distinguish between rotors & ring spinning frame.

Function of ring spinning frame

Producing yarn is the main work of ring spinning frame. A few steps required to make yarn by ring spinning frame. The steps are given blew.

  1. Creeling
  2. drafting
  3. twisting
  4. winding
  5. building
  6. doffing

Detail discussing of the steps of ring spinning frame is coming in upcoming article.

What is carding and classification of carding machine?

This article is about What is carding and classification of carding machine? Trash and impurities full fiber is not able to proper spinning to build the basic construction of yearn. So it’s should be remove by different process, which is include in blow-room one process after another process. Removing Trash is process is started from first line of blow room and the second step of Trash removing process are called carding process. Carding process is one of them, which are played the vital role to remove maximum of trash from fiber. To make yearn it’s important to make a sliver after removing trash.

The basic fundamental of carding machine is removing trash and make long sliver to build the basic construction of spinning yearn.



Objects of carding machine

  • Take the lap from blow room and make it small unit and make them align.
  • After blow room process, make sure the fiber is full free of dust, short fiber, break seed and unnecessary things.
  • Extra and unnecessary short and hairy fiber completely removed from sliver.
  • Made by the Immature fiber is called napes are make free by carding process.
  • Fiber could be blending and mixing if necessary by this process.
  • Make the fiber prepared for next process by make them equal and same distance among every fiber.



Different types of carding machine:

  • Roller and clearer card
  • Stationary flat card
  • Revolving flat card




In the era of modern science the carding machine also discovered new and easy to use by depend on setting and setup the cylinder and take in. Out modern carding machine gives us extra care about the fiber and make them more smooth and useable. The another different design and style carding machines are

  • Dual carding machine
  • Mono or single carding machine
  • Tandom carding machine
  • Schubert & sulzer super carding machine



Fabric Cutting! Methods of fabric cutting!

Manual operated Straight knife

Fabric Cutting!

Fabric cutting is important in textile or garments industry. A garment will be ready to wear when it will be completed by sewing many part of fabric which are cutter in a cutting table in the lay or spread of fabric.

fabric cutting is important part of garments manufacturing process. quality full fabric cutting reduce the wastage of fabric and make the business profitable. Today’s business market “good quality product is the main fact, price is low and quality is high is the first requirement of all of buyer around the world”. so a good quality cutting operator is required to cut the fabric.


Purpose of fabric cutting:

  • Fabric must be cut by specific some size to be it useable to make garments.
  • Thousand of piece of garment’s fabric should be cut one time on cutting table at a time.
  • It is possible to cut thousand of garment’s fabric same design which is provided from buyers or any company.
  • Too many lay/spread of fabric’s can be cut different size bye the tender of buyer.
  • Possible to cut fabric and make garments for different country and cultures.
  • Make this fabric suitable to use to next level, I point to the sewing section.


Requirements of fabric cutting:

  • Precession of cut
  • Clean of edge
  • Consistent cutting
  • Support of the lay
  • Infused edge


Methods of fabric cutting:

there are few to cut the fabric. the methods are chose by the operator by here own preferences. The methods are fabric cutting are given blew.

Manual operated Straight knife

Manual operated Straight knife

  • Manual Methods
    • Hand operated scissors
    • Round knife
    • Straight knife
    • Drill
    • Die Cutting
    • Band knife
    • Notcher






  • Computerized Methods
    • Knife cutting
    • Plasma torch cutting
    • Laser beam cutting
    • Cutting by water jet

on this article i just wanted to try show various methods of fabric cutting. Fabric cutting is important in garment of clothing technology. Without a good cutting muster or orator there is not other way to make a better garments. fabric cutting is the primary step to take for making the garments product after sewing in sewing section. garments industry and tailoring fabric cutting is different way but the basic logic is same in both of them. Please research more to know about fabric cutting.

Definition and list of Sewing machine

Definition and list of Sewing machine

Definition and list of Sewing machine


By which machine used to sewing two or more pieces of fabric called sewing machine. A sewing machine sewing not only fabric, but also others material like bags, lather, foot-wear, tent & many more, Etc. sewing machine also used to increase the fabrics fineness and good looking by some special effect. Different sewing machine are obey there different duty to makes a better garments as we want.


List the type of sewing machine are used in textile industry


  • Manual operated sewing machine

Manual operated sewing machine is working by human hand or legs power. The machine operator’s have to operate the machine by his own hand or legs power so that operator can’t work so firstly and smoothly. As a result the manual operated sewing machine’s production is less than electrically operated sewing machine. Today most of the manual sewing machine used in home or a trailer shop because it’s not so expensive and it’s easy to maintenance and use.



  • Electrically operated sewing machine:

This kind of sewing machine working by electrical power, so it’s work first and smoothly. Comparatively electrical operated machine work and production so good than others so it’s called industrial sewing machine. Industrial sewing machine could be much type but some common types of machine are here.


  • Lock stitch machine
  • Chain stitch machine
  • Over lock machine
  • Zigzag stitch machine
  • Flat lock machine
  • Blind stitch machine
  • Button holing machine
  • Button attaching machine
  • Bartech machine


Industrial machine could have one to four needles as required so that many industrial sewing machines presented company fill the importance. There are too many industrial sewing machine produce company around the world but most of this machine used in Bangladesh like Juki, Pegasus, Seruba, brother, Puf, Singer Etc. Every company make competition together there machines power, speed, efficiency, performances etc. the maximum used machine in Bangladesh is juki.


Some machine’s has programming so that it’s possible to make automatic sewing for any design or length what ever you want but this machine is expensive and so hard to maintenance. Though its makes better than others but usages in our country is so less.

Classification of Textile Testing



Importance of textile testing:

Testing is an essential step in textile sector for keep the quality according to buyer on the product. So, textile testing is so much important for textile study let’s have a discussion about Classification of Textile Testing. Without textile testing there is no way to make a place in largest marketplace where is contesting among every single company. To make better garments than textile testing is so important. Now a days every textile industry test there produced garments step by step from fiber selection to cloth, to be hundred percent sure as a better textile product. Any company’s fame depends on their product quality and the product quality depend on textile testing. So, we can call it the textile testing is a part and parcel in textile industry.

Textile testing:

Textile testing is a most important way to certify a textile fiber, yearn or fabric as a use able material in textile products or garments. Testing will inform you what kind of fiber is this and approximately what kind of garments you’ll be produce by this fiber, yearn, fabric. Let’s have a look basically how many textiles testing is used to test, textile fiber, yearn, fabric in the textile lab.

Classification Fiber Testing:

  • Identifications of fiber
  • Grading
  • Color of fibers
  • Fiber Length
  • Fiber strength and elongation
  • Fiber fineness
  • Fiber maturity
  • Trash
  • Neps
  • Short fiber index- SFI
  • Short fiber content- SFC
  • Immature fiber content
  • Dust

Classification Yearn Testing:

  • Yearn count.
  • Twist per unit length
  • Single yearn strength.
  • Lea strength and elongation
  • Appearance
  • Evenness and regularity
  • Hairiness

Classification Fabric Testing:

  • Strength and elongation
  • Length
  • Width
  • Thickness
  • Weight
  • Number of warps yearn per unit length.
  • Number of wefts yearn per unit length.
  • The count of yearn used.
  • Design and construction of cloth
  • Earn permeability.
  • Crimp
  • Shrinkage
  • Stiffness
  • Handle
  • Drape
  • Crease resistance and recovery
  • Abrasion
  • Thermal properties
  • Pilling
  • Water absorbance and resistance

In conclusion, textile testing plays a crucial role in ensuring the quality, safety, and performance of textiles and textile products. By subjecting fabrics and materials to various testing methods, manufacturers, retailers, and consumers can make informed decisions and maintain high standards in the textile industry.

Different component of general sewing machine

Different component of general sewing machine:
Sewing machine acting the biggest role in garments industry. Most of the garments product’s different piece of fabric is attached by sewing. So as a textile student we should know about sewing machine and there parts. General sewing machine basically doesn’t use in garments industry. as per low production by his machine. But conventional general sewing machine mostly observed in domestic use.

Let’s know more. About the general sewing machine.

Different component of Front side

1. Pressure bar & pressure screw.
2. Tension thumb nut
3. Tension thread guard
4. Take up spring
5. Curve on the cover
6. Small hole guard
7. Needle camp
8. Pressure foot lifter
9. Pressure foot

Different component of Back side

1. Regulating screw
2. Balance wheel
3. Feed dog
4. Stop motion screw

Some Exceptional elements are including in the modern sewing machine.

1. Guide
2. Compensating foot
3. Specialized pressure foot
4. Stitching jig
5. Back guide
6. Folder
7. Spool pin
8. Bobbin
9. Bobbin case
10. Bobbin winder spindle
11. Bobbin winder latch
12. Crank shaft bearing
13. Connection rod and crank
14. Feed fork and cam
15. Feed fork slider
16. Grove of cam
17. Take up liver pivot
18. Needle bar link
19. Feed lifter fork bearing
20. Feed rock shaft bearing
21. Shuttle race
22. Feed lifter fork and bearing
23. Feed lifter fork and cam
24. Shuttle drive shaft bearing
25. Eccentric cam and bearing
26. Eccentric fork
27. Connecting rod hinge
28. Connecting bearing
29. Feed fork hinge

Some Exceptional elements also we see in modern sewing machine

30. Lighting
31. Stitch pattern selector
32. Stitch width selector
33. Stitch chart
34. Needle position selector
35. Button hole balance nob
36. Speed regulator

Also include

  • Binder
  • Foot hammer
  • Under braider
  • Ruffler
  • Fuffler with shearing plate
  • Tuck marker
  • Cording gripper foot
  • Seam guide
  • Button hole
  • Decorator
  • Gathering foot
  • Edge snitcher

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Definition and list of Sewing machine