Discuss of garment costing

Discuss of garment costing

Merchandiser is a profession where every merchandiser controlled by some internal rules and regulations to do the duty. Always rules and regulation show the path of working procedure of a merchandiser. So every merchandiser should follow every single rules and regulations all of this regulation are the responsibility of a merchandiser. This information is collected from a few senior merchandiser personal experience and opinion how they think about this job. I think this information can help fresh merchandiser who have no idea how a merchandiser work and those merchandiser whose have some misunderstand about it.

Discuss of garment costing

Discuss of garment costing

Garment costing

A garment is one of the most important elements used to make fashion and make a better life style. Now a day’s all the people across the world use garments to be a fashionable person includes you! Currently reading my article….

Different type of garment are manufacturing every day by different manufacturer depending the necessity of consumer. People who use the garment always want a high quality and comfort garments in minimum budget. So there is now way to make cheap garments by considering the quality of garment. Before make a conformation deal with buyer a merchandiser make the calculation of manufacturing cost. The price of the garment to a buyer depends of the estimate costing of a garment. After make a calculation of a garments the manufacturer fix a price for buyer as it can be accept able to the buyer and so friendly to the current business environment.

Calculation of a garment cost? May be this is not so easy as you think because a full proof and authentic and profitable calculation need a vast of knowledge of fabric manufacturing process and process cost and many more. Here is some important point should acknowledge to a perfect merchandiser. Here you go.

Raw Material source

As like every other production; garment also need raw material and this big amount of raw material or fabrics is not so easy to get it when it is need to produce the garment. So merchandiser so be able to make a strong relationship with supplier so that the material could be get in time. If the raw material cause a big problem than it could be reduce the profit. This is the big reason of hike the estimate cost of garments I think.

Color, Size and quantity specification

How many quantity of garments buyer want to buy and how many color and size should include on the contract. Some time the color of fabric could be rare to get and could not be able the make such amount of garment as much as the buyer required. So before make a deal with buyer always the responsible merchandiser take a look on the stock and supplier. After talking the order from buyer if the merchandiser unable to get the fabric and produce the garment than the costing could be hike from the calculation amount.

Size specification

Every calculation is abortively if the merchandiser makes a mistake with size specification of garments. Size specification should follow according to buyer on manufacturing process other wiser it will make wrong size of garments and manufacturer gets a shock of damages other than they get profit.

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Shipment date

Manufacturing process of garment must complete before the date of shipment. A senior merchandiser always fixes this date with buyer over phone, E-mail or Fax or any communication system. Shipment date should take seriously to do business all over the word because some time the buyer cancels the manufacturing order if the manufacturers companies miss the shipment date.


Most of buyer inspects the garments before get the delivery from manufacturer. Buyer makes an inspection by themselves or third party send by buyer. After get the full conformation of the quality of garments the manufacturer gets paid.

Terms and condition

Some time some buyer adds some terms and conditions during make the deal with manufacturer. Payment system, wash fastness of fabric, and minimum and quality of garments also include on this terms and condition. This terms and condition also like how we contract with a tailor when order for a dress. But this condition could be written on contract paper.

Description of tailoring process

Description of tailoring
Description of tailoring

Description of tailoring


Tailoring is a process of garment making by take the measurement of one selected person’s body shape. One this garments making system the selected person select his/her favorite design, color, fabric. The garments all of measurement and every design can be depend on the customer. Tailoring system makes a garment for one single person.


One the other hand the garments industry system makes thousand of dress by three different size by taking baby, man and women body’s ideal shape and measurement. Garments system make pattern using marker and cut thousand of pieces of garments piece at a time and make them full useable garment after sewing and finishing. Garments and tailoring is same state of garments manufacturing system but in reality it’s two different way to make garment.


Tailoring is a small business but garment is a business with a vast word. Tailoring business is run by one administration and a few tailors are work to give the production. In a tailoring shop a cutting master is required to take the measurement from the customer’s (selected person who want to make a garment by his/her own body shape) different part of body and cut the fabric, send them to tailor to sewing, make a desire dress to look them perfect.


Ironing or calendaring is required to give the perfect satisfaction to the customer after complete the dress. Some time the cutting master also does the job as a tailor. Tailoring system has own style like one tailor only sewing one type of dress, if the tailor sewing pant than tailor must sewing pant not shirt. A shirt is takes a little long to complete in tailoring system than garment industrial system.


Without those information there is something to mention.

  1. For one selected person is make one selected dress.
  2. Not need to grade anything.
  3. One sewing machine is able to make a garment.
  4. The making cost of dress is more than the garments industry’s system.
  5. Feting of the dress are more than the garments industry’s system.
  6. Fabric wastage is much more than the garments industry’s system.
  7. Selected person’s own measurement is required to make a cloth so no need to use pattern.
  8. No need to use any cutting machine in tailoring.
  9. Trail option helps the customer to fit their cloth by wearing that.
  10. Never use care code in tailoring.
  11. After get the trail if the dress is not fit with the body, then there is an option to make it more comfortable as the customer required.
  12. Tailor gives the customer priority first so they keep trying till get the customer satisfaction.



Distinguish Between Tailoring and Garments process.

List of different instruments used for drawing.


Drawing is a art which is related with so many industry to make the design or demonstration, presentation and many. Drawing open the opportunity to know some thing before some thing done how it will look like. drawing is perfect for make the future design. So many equipments are used in drawing lets have a look the list of different instruments used for drawing.

Drawing paper

Drawing paper is the essential and part and parcel object to make a drawing. A drawing paper could be thin or less thin, glossy or dark, smooth or grained. Smooth and glossy paper is suitable to drawing and most popular paper is this. Basically we get one kind of drawing paper most that’s called cartridge paper it’s a little dark and not so much smooth.




The main object of drawing is pencil. Drawing pencil is different form others writing pencils. Because drawing penciled should be more soft and easy to sketch on drawing paper. Generally drawing pencils are most used groups are 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B.



Drawing board

Drawing board is useful for artist which is called canvas. Drawing paper is pined with drawing board by clip or pin. Basically every artist like to draw any kind of photo or sketch in alone and different place. So they need a little privacy with some hard things which can help them to draw easily and peacefully. Assistance of drawing board size is 813 x 610 m.m.




Eraser is so much common and used equipment from a primary school to maximum education and many more profession but this eraser is known as different name called rubber. The raw-material of eraser is rubber so that’s why it’s called rubber. This eraser is help’s to erase unnecessary line or object in drawing and able to optimize design.



Board pin or clip

The drawing paper are setup on the drawing board are used those equipments are called board pin or clip. Board pin and clip are both used to done same work but the working way is a little different than other. Using pin to setup the drawing paper is makes a little hole on the painting or drawing paper so popular equipment of those things is clip.



Tee square

In a single word it’s called T. because its look likes the English alphabet T. generally this tee square is made by wood. Different angle and size shape are sketching are easy to sketch by tee square. Tee square should be bigger than the drawing table. User the tee square should be more attenuation using time or tee square corner.



Set square

Another name of set square is called triangle. Set Square is two different types one is 60◦-30◦ and another one is 45◦-45◦. The first one are called 60◦ and another are called 45◦.




Divider is equipment which one is used to take exact distance between two points. This is also used to divide a line in same distance. Two types of divider are used most one is plain divider and another one is spring divider.



Bow-pencil or compass

Bow-pencil is a tool which also called another name compass. Bow-pencil has two legs one is look like needle and another one is able to set a pencil and make a round shape. Bow pencil is used to make a circle.




Protector is equipment to design which is made from transparent material help us to the angle line under the protector. This protector is divided from 0◦-180◦.



Scale or box wood rule

Scale is used to draw an exact shape from a design to another design. Original measurement is important is to draw because so much big and so much small is not appropriate to make a better draw. To make sure the solution of this kind of problem, have to make the measurement on draw by measurement scale.



French curve

This is specific design equipment which is already make some design and help us to make different design by this small pieces of per-design equipment. This kind of design is not able to make by geometrical drawing. France carve can be different size, design or different material like wood, plastic, and many more.




This sand paper is mainly used to make sure the smoothness of graphite in pencil. Zero size sand paper is perfect to do this job so mostly used sand paper is zero size.



Duster or handkerchief

By pencil drawing or writing and erase those design by eraser and there are make so many dusts which are remove by duster. Make those dusts in a unit and bring that to the dustbins are by duster.




Another name of sharpeners is pencil cutter which one is known as like rubber in school going student. To cut the pencil and make it like useable and comfort to drawing are used sharpeners. Most of the time the graphite are broken down when is cutting by sharpeners so it’s important to pay attention when cutting the pencil.


Definition with classification of fashion drawing

Textile Drawing TextileStudent.com

Definition with classification of fashion drawing: Drawing is a vast word which is used from the starting time of mankind and its will be attached with us directly and indirectly. Drawing comes from an English word draw. The meaning of the drawing is design, sketch, graphic arts, painting etc. drawing is done by using some different size and shape line and yield some design which are people like most. It’s called design or drawing.


Necessity of drawing:

To explain the illustration of mankind drawing is important what ever it’s in textile industry or some other industry else.

Drawing is important to describe some objects or material’s physical shape on a paper like photo.

Drawing is needed to show the different types of natural and abstract design.

By drawing we do aesthetic design every day so many work done like wrapping paper, cover page of every kind of books, different goods packet design, news paper design etc.

We also can draw architect design like building, tower, industry area etc.


Types of Drawing

  • Artistic drawing
  • Technical or Engineering drawing


Technical or engineering drawing can by classified by three different parts.

  • Geometrical drawing
    • Plane geometric drawing
    • Solid geometric drawing
  • Electrical engineering drawing
  • Civil engineering drawing
    • Structural drawing
    • Map drawing
  • Mechanical drawing
    • Sheet metal drawing
    • Marine drawing
    • Air craft drawing
    • Cabinet drawing
    • Textile drawing
  • Architectural drawing
  • Electronic drawing


Drawing is essential parts in every largest industry as it can make the diagram before the product made. Drawing is not only make the diagram of factory or product. Drawing also make the future plan of a company or product so drawstring is so much important everywhere in our present life. In textile industry drawing is important in fashion design sector. Designer make a demo design first to show the structure to the buyer and if the buyer agree with those design than its will be send to the garments manufacturing sector.

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