Textile Dictionary Clothing

Defination About Textile Technology - Textile Student
Defination About Textile Technology - Textile Student

Definition About Textile Technology – Textile Student

  1. What is Clothing?

Clothing is a vast ward which is come from cloth; simply we know cloth means fabric but if we looking toward to know abut clothing then “clothing is a technique of garments manufacturing with fabric by using different design”. We need warp and weft yearns to weave a fabric as like as to make a garment we need fabric with many accessories. In one sentence “every technique of related with garments manufacturing process are called clothing”.

  1. What is spinning?

Spinning is process in textile where manufacturing yarn by using one or various textile fiber. Yarn is made by twisting and it’s should be minimum length as it can use in textile to make it garment. So we defined the spinning as a minimum length and strength full yarn making process.

  1. What is trash?

In a single sentence trash is no lint material in the cotton fiber. Various foreign materials also present in cotton also called trash like leaf, dust; break seed, micro fiber, and neaps etc. trash create different kind of problem during spinning process.

  1. Specification of any cotton fiber

Fiber length                             : 1.5

Amount of trash                       : 2.5%

Micromeres value                    : 3%

Strength                                   : 90,000 P.S.I.

  1. The quality of cotton fiber depends on.
  • Length of fiber
  • Strength of fiber
  • Color of fiber
  • Matured of fiber
  • Amount of trash
  • Flexibility of fiber
  • Sophistication of fiber
  1. What is ginning?

After cultivating cotton from field, its need to separate the fiber and seed. Seed and cotton fiber separating system is called ginning process.

  1. What is Lint?

Lint is long and suitable fiber for spinning which is separate with seed by ginning process. Lint is used to make yarn.

  1. What is linter?

After complete ginning process; some micro yarn are sticky with seed which is not directly used to make yarn is called linter.

  1. What is the amount of strength of a fiber is generate into yarn?

Generally 80% strength of fiber is generating into the yarn.


  1. Acceptable amount of cotton moisture?

Acceptable amount of moisture of cotton fiber is start from 6.5 to 8.5.


What is carding and classification of carding machine?


This article is about What is carding and classification of carding machine? Trash and impurities full fiber is not able to proper spinning to build the basic construction of yearn. So it’s should be remove by different process, which is include in blow-room one process after another process. Removing Trash is process is started from first line of blow room and the second step of Trash removing process are called carding process. Carding process is one of them, which are played the vital role to remove maximum of trash from fiber. To make yearn it’s important to make a sliver after removing trash.




The basic fundamental of carding machine is removing trash and make long sliver to build the basic construction of spinning yearn.



Objects of carding machine

  • Take the lap from blow room and make it small unit and make them align.
  • After blow room process, make sure the fiber is full free of dust, short fiber, break seed and unnecessary things.
  • Extra and unnecessary short and hairy fiber completely removed from sliver.
  • Made by the Immature fiber is called napes are make free by carding process.
  • Fiber could be blending and mixing if necessary by this process.
  • Make the fiber prepared for next process by make them equal and same distance among every fiber.



Different types of carding machine:

  • Roller and clearer card
  • Stationary flat card
  • Revolving flat card




In the era of modern science the carding machine also discovered new and easy to use by depend on setting and setup the cylinder and take in. Out modern carding machine gives us extra care about the fiber and make them more smooth and useable. The another different design and style carding machines are

  • Dual carding machine
  • Mono or single carding machine
  • Tandom carding machine
  • Schubert & sulzer super carding machine